The Battles of Uhud and Khandaq

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  • (You can view some very interesting slides depicting the tactics used in these battles and how they unfolded by clicking here. Scroll down to lecture 6.)

(Moulana Irshaad Sedick)

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The Battle of Badr

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  • The battle took place on the 17th of Ramadan. Mus’ab, Sa’d and ‘Ali radiyallahu ‘anhum were the flag-bearers of the Muslim army.

  • The Muslim army was arranged in rows. This was something new in warfare in Arabia; before that both armies were just a disorganised mob.

  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was straightening the rows, using an arrow. He lightly poked Sawwad ibn Ghaziyyah radiyallahu ‘anhu in the stomach. Sawwad demanded retribution, so the Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam exposed his belly. Sawwad radiyallahu ‘anhu kissed it.

  • ‘Umair ibn al-Humam al-Ansari radiyallahu ‘anhu was eating dates at the time. When Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam informed of the rewards lying in wait for the martyr, he rushed to the battlefield and was killed, before finishing eating the dates.

  • A Sahabi radiyallahu ‘anhu was given the nickname al-Ghaseel. He was a newlywed and left the bed of his bride to come to the battle. He was martyred. When the Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was busy organising his burial, he turned away from him. When he was asked why, he said that it was because he saw the Hoorul ‘Ain coming to wash his body.

  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam threw sand at the kuffar, and by the Power of Allah, it blinded them. Allah ta’ala says about it, “Wa maa ramaita idh ramaita wa laakinnallaha ramaa – And you threw not, [O Muhammad], when you threw, but it was Allah who threw.” (8: 17)

  •  There were only 14 shuhada of Badr: 6 from the Muhajirun and 8 from the Ansar.

(Moulana Irshaad Sedick)

Prelude to Badr

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  • The first obligatory fasting took place in the year in which the Battle of Badr was fought.

  • ‘Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum radiyallahu ‘anhu, the blind Sahabi referred to in Surah ‘Abasa, led the salah in Madinah while the Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was away.  Abu Lubabah was the temporary governor.

  • Abu Sufyan radiyallahu ‘anhu was going on a trade journey to Syria, with 34 people. The Muslims intended raiding this caravan. By doing so they were merely reclaiming their possessions left behind when they made hijrah. Damdam ibn ‘Amr stirred up the Quraish and incited them to fight. Abu Jahl was the first to respond. Abu Sufyan  radiyallahu ‘anhu later sent word that the caravan was safe, and there was no need to fight. Abu Jahl however refused to back down and convinced the others to fight.

  • Miqdad ibn al-Aswad radiyallahu ‘anhu spoke on behalf of the Muhajirun and said that they would die for Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. The Ansar had no responsibility to fight, but Sa’d ibn Mu’adh radiyallahu ‘anhu said that if even if Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam were to march into an ocean, they would follow him.

  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam set up camp at a particular place. Habib ibn al-Mundhir radiyallahu ‘anhu asked if that decision was based on wahy or ijtihad. The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said that it was ijtihad. Habib radiyallahu ‘anhu then suggested that they camp next to the big well, and seal all the other ones. Thus the Muslims had water while the kuffar did not.

  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was making dua the night before. Allah ta’ala then revealed: “Sa yuhzamul jam’u wa yuwalloonad dubur – [Their] assembly will be defeated, and they will turn their backs [in retreat].” (54: 45)

  •  Allah ta’ala caused the Sahabah to fall into a deep sleep that night. He also sent down rain from the sky. This served two purposes:
      1. So that the Sahabah could purify themselves from janabah (major ritual impurity).
      2. So that the ground was made firm beneath their feet.

(Moulana Irshaad Sedick)

Give Me One Thing…

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  • Laa yazaalu lisaanuka rutban min dhikrillah – Keep your tongue always moist with the dhikr of Allah.” (Sunan at-Tirmidhi).

  • Salaah is the greatest dhikr. “Utlu maa oohiya ilayka minal kitaabi wa aqimis salaah; innas salaata tanhaa ‘anil fahshaa-i wal munkar; wa ladhikrullahi akbar; wallahu ya’lamu maa tasna’oon – Recite (O Prophet) what is revealed to you of the Book, and establish Salah . Surely Salah restrains one from shameful and evil acts. Indeed remembrance of Allah is the greatest of all things. Allah knows what you do.” (29:45)

  • There’s always room for improvement in how we perform our salaah. We can increase the amount of nafl salaah we do, pray more in the masjid, stand in the front row, have more khushu’ etc.

  •  No matter where you are spiritually, salaah could take you to the next level.

(Moulana Irshaad Sedick)