‘Umar’s (ra) Dua for Martyrdom

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  • ‘Umar radiyallahu ‘anh used to make dua saying, “Allahummarzuqnee shahaadatan fee sabeelik, waj’al mawtee fee baladi Rasoolik – O Allah, grant me martyrdom in Your Path, and cause my death to occur in the city of Your Messenger.

  • He was very happy and praised Allah that the one who attacked him was not a Muslim.

(Shaikh Ebrahim Moos)

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‘Umar and ‘Ali (ra)

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  • ‘Umar radiyallahu ‘anhu used to say, “Law laa ‘Aliyyun la halaka ‘Umar – If it had not been for ‘Ali, ‘Umar would have been destroyed.

(Shaikh Ebrahim Moos)

‘Umar (ra) and the Drought

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  • There was a drought during the time of the khilafah of ‘Umar radiyallahu ‘anh. He then vowed not to eat meat and not to drink milk. His skin became darkened because of this.

  • Aslam said, “La maata ‘Umar, hamman bil muslimeen – Indeed, ‘Umar died out of concern for the Muslims.

(Shaikh Ebrahim Moos)

‘Umar’s (ra) Views and the Qur’an

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  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Indeed, Allah has placed the Haqq upon the tongue of ‘Umar, and upon his heart.” ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar added, “No event ever occurred and people gave their opinion regarding it, and ‘Umar gave his opinion regarding it, except that [some verses of] the Qur’an were revealed in accordance with what ‘Umar had said.” (Sunan Tirmidhi)

  • There are many examples of the above occurring. Just one is with regards to the incident of the ifk, when ‘Aishah radiyallahu ‘anhaa was falsely accused of adultery. When hearing of it, ‘Umar radiyallahu ‘anh said, “Subhaanaka haadhaa buhtaanun ‘azeem – Glory be to You, this is a most serious slander.” It was then revealed, ” Subhaanaka haadhaa buhtaanun ‘azeem (24: 16).”

(Shaikh Ebrahim Moos)

‘Umar’s (ra) Hijrah

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  • When the Sahabah radiyallahu ‘anhum migrated to Madinah, they did so secretly, except for ‘Umar radiyallahu ‘anh. He made his hijrah publicly. He went round to all the groups of people sitting by the Ka’bah and told them that if they wanted their wives to become widows and their children to become orphans, they should meet him outside the city. None of them took up his challenge.

  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam made hijrah secretly. This doesn’t mean that ‘Umar radiyallahu ‘anh was superior or braver than him. He did it secretly out of compassion for the believers. Because if he had done it publicly, they would have wanted to do the same and would then have been put to difficulty as a result of that.

(Shaikh Ebrahim Moos)

‘Umar’s (ra) Virtues

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  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Indeed, there were people from the nations who passed on before you who were muhaddathoon (inspired). And indeed, if there is anyone from my Ummah who is one of them, then it is ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab.” (Sahih Bukhari)

  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “I entered Jannah and I saw a house or a palace. I asked, ‘For whom is this?’ They replied, ‘For ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab.’ So I wanted to enter it, but then I remembered your ghairah.” So ‘Umar cried, and he said, “O Messenger of Allah, can there be jealousy regarding you?” (Sahih Muslim)

  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said to ‘Umar radiyallahu ‘anh, “By the One in whose Grasp is my soul, shaitaan never meets you coming down a road, except that he goes down another road.” (Sahih Muslim)

  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam once climbed Mount Uhud, and with him were Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman. The mountain shook, and so he said, “Be firm Uhud! For upon you are only a Prophet, a Siddeeq and two shaheeds.” (Sahih Bukhari)

  • The Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “When ‘Umar embraced Islam, Jibreel came to me and said, ‘The inhabitants of the sky have rejoiced at the Islam of ‘Umar.‘” (al-Jami’ as-Saghir)

  • ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud radiyallahu ‘anh said, “His Islam was a triumph (fat-h), his hijrah was a victory (nusr), and his leadership was a mercy (rahmah).

(Shaikh Ebrahim Moos)

‘Umar’s (ra) Firsts

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  • Some of things which ‘Umar radiyallahu ‘anh was the first to do:
  1. The first to be called by the title “Ameerul Mu’mineen – Leader of the Believers”.
  2.  The first to designate the calendar starting from the Hijrah.
  3.  The first to establish the Baitul Maal.
  4.  The first to bring people back to performing Taraweeh in congregation.
  5.  The first to walk around at night to check on the people.

  • In some books it is also recorded that he was the first to make mut’ah (temporary marriages) haram. However, this is definitely incorrect. It was made haram by the Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam at the time of the battle of Khaibar, and the hadith stating this is narrated by ‘Ali radiyallahu ‘anh.

(Shaikh Ebrahim Moos)

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